Evaluation of the parenting capacities is completed in the context of expertise either in the youth court or in the context of child custody in Superior Court. It involves the assessment of various components, such as the parent's capacity to fufill security, stability, stimulation, affection, material, education needs.
Following the parents' separation, a psycholegal expertise can be requested in order to assess the parenting capacities of the parents, the psychological functioning of the children and the capacity of the parents to respond in their way to these needs. The latter assessment aims also at determining the living environment and access to each of parent that will enhance the development of the child.
In high conflict separations, some parents in the aim of protecting the children from the other parent, will devalue the image of the other parent, to the point where this parent can become hated and rejected by the child. The rejected parent then tries to regain access to his/her children. The alienating parent may consciously or unconsciously convey to the child that the other parent is not able to meet their needs. The child may be affected to varying degrees. In the most severe case, the alienated child can cease contact completely with the rejected parent. The aim of the psycholegal expertise is to identify the process before the situation deteriorates completely, since the rejection of the child of one or the other of his parents in the absence of valid reason is very harmful to his/her development. Parental alienation syndrome is a process that at first, takes place insidiously but over time can also deteriorate quickly if nothing is done to stop the process. It is therefore important to be able to identify early signs and work upstream in order to prevent further deterioration of the family situation.